Decorative plaster: types, features, expert advice

Plaster is not always a pre-finishing coating. Its decorative subspecies are great as a finishing layer.

Decorative plaster is becoming more and more popular – this material looks spectacular and does not require paint or wallpapers. Together with the designer, we tell what this type of finish is good for and how to choose the right plaster for a modern interior.

Table of Contents

    What is decorative plaster?

    Decorative plaster is a finishing material for the final wall covering during final repairs. Unlike rough plaster, decorative plaster is not used to level and fill cracks. Before applying it, you need to prepare the surfaces and cover them with a primer for better adhesion.

    Decorative plaster allows you to create an original design in the room, combining a variety of textures and colors. It is economical and durable, resistant to damage, easy to clean, and dust and dirt rarely settle on it. On surfaces treated with decorative plaster, it is easy to eliminate minor defects – just apply a new layer. The disadvantages of the material can only be attributed to the high cost. But surfaces decorated with plaster require cosmetic repairs much less often than those pasted over with wallpaper.

    The composition of decorative plaster

    The composition of this type of coating includes cement, lime, and sand; Other fillers may be present depending on the species. Mortars vary in texture, viscosity, and the type of base required. In total, there are four main options on the market.

    Acrylic plaster

    Sold in finished form. The crushed mineral fillers and acrylic resins in this formulation are supplemented with ingredients to improve surface bonding properties. Acrylic plaster dries quickly, is durable, and can be used in rooms with high humidity – ideal for a bath. But on the sunny sides of the apartment, acrylic plaster can crack under the influence of ultraviolet radiation, and its main disadvantage is low fire resistance.

    Mineral plaster

    The composition of mineral plaster includes cement, lime, clay, and stone chips. This is the most budget subspecies of decorative plaster. It is sold as a powder to be diluted with water and is easy to apply, making it especially popular for DIY repairs. This is the most environmentally friendly type of plaster, it is resistant to high humidity and low temperatures. The mineral mixture is airtight and heat resistant. But she does not serve for too long – only about ten years.

    Silicone plaster

    The most versatile option. The silicone compound is flexible and adheres well to any substrate. It is sold ready-made, does not require breeding, and the color scheme is very diverse. It is easy to work with such a mixture, even without repair skills. Before applying silicone plaster, you will need a special primer, but it lasts a long time – and pays off, despite the high cost.

    Silicate plaster

    The binding element in this mixture is liquid potash glass. This coating is considered an excellent choice for outdoor work. Silicate plaster is water-repellent, durable, and fireproof, but its cost is higher than that of mixtures without glass. It is better not to apply silicate plaster on your own if there are no repair skills – it quickly hardens, and the master will need experience and skill.

    Types of decorative plaster

    In modern interior design, not only the listed basic textures of decorative plaster are used. For example, wood fibers, mica, and small stones can be added to the mixture. For application, rollers and stamps are used, with which you can create original patterns and textures. An uneven layer of decorative plaster can imitate rocks, concrete, silk, and even wood. Consider the most popular options.

    “Bark beetle”

    A variant of the mixture was named because of the visual resemblance to wood affected by the bark beetle. Such plaster is used both for residential premises and for building facades. It is durable and maintains a beautiful appearance for a long time. “Bark beetle” is popular with pet owners who like to scratch walls: on such a texture, traces of “cat vandalism” will remain invisible.

    “Cement and Concrete”

    Such a coating allows you to get the perfect walls for a loft-style interior or decorate accent surfaces in certain parts of the apartment. This plaster can cover both the walls in the rooms and the facades of buildings.


    Mixture for decorating the surface under the natural stone. A similar 3D drawing can be made with both mineral and acrylic mixtures.


    Plaster can very reliably recreate the texture of fabric: silk, velveteen or linen. This format looks good in eco-interiors. Unlike real fabrics, the coating does not require complex care. This type of decorative plaster is well complemented by stamped drawings.


    This type of solution imitates marble slabs. Often used in luxury interiors, suitable for both classic and bohemian styles.


    Decorative plaster can even imitate jets of water flowing down the wall. This effect perfectly masks minor flaws, roughness and irregularities. Depending on the viewing angle, the picture may glare and be perceived differently.

    “World map”

    This type of plaster contains lime components. Usually it is applied in several layers of different shades, resulting in voluminous deep patterns. It is often used to create stylized geographical maps in the interior – hence the name.


    Venetian plaster is suitable for creating both matte and glossy surfaces. From above it is polished with a wax composition, which provides a reflective effect.


    Original travertine is a fine-grained rock. It is also called an imitation of a plaster mixture. It is distinguished by its strength and durability, is presented in a large number of shades and gives the walls a noble effect of antiquity.


    With the help of plaster, you can also make picturesque stucco molding. For this, a light paste with glass granules in the composition is used. The material is easy to mold.

    “Marseille wax”

    A type of decorative plaster, with the help of which deep relief surfaces are created. The final layer of such a mixture is covered with wax so that it becomes soft to the touch. The drawing is completely dependent on the movement of the hand of the one who applies it.

    How to choose plaster

    Svetlana, interior designer:

    – Decorative plaster is now very popular as a universal coating, with which you can create non-standard solutions for the interior. It is important that this is an environmentally friendly finishing material, and the walls covered with plaster are strong, moisture-resistant, and durable.

    The coating looks harmonious in all interior styles. The main thing is to choose the right texture and color. To buy the right plaster, you need:

    • Decide on the style of the interior;
    • Understand the geometry of the room;
    • Think about the combination with the materials to be used: brick, stone, frescoes, wallpaper;
    • Consider the color of the furniture, tiles, flooring, curtains, etc.

    Different colors and textures of plaster emphasize the chosen style and create an individual atmosphere in the house. The most fashionable textures now are microcement, concrete, and silk.

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