Ageless trends in interior design

Natural materials

Mankind has used natural materials for the construction of houses and interior decoration at all stages of its development. In ancient Greece, the main building component was stone, in northern countries - wood, and among the nomadic peoples of Central Asia - animal skins and felt.

This trend is considered one of the most sought after and ageless, since wood, stone, metal, glass and textiles are durable and environmentally friendly materials. Almost no interior can do without them, but most often they are found in such styles as English, Scandinavian, Japandi, military, wabi-sabi, chalet, country, contemporary, loft, eco and boho. Depending on the direction, certain materials are used: in the English style, the emphasis is on wood and leather, in the Scandinavian style - on textiles, in the loft style - on brick and metal.

The trend towards natural materials in the interior gained particular popularity in the 20s of the 20th century thanks to organic architecture, a direction that was actively promoted by the American architect Frank Lloyd Wright about 100 years ago. The main philosophy of this direction is that architecture and interior should be one with the environment. It is important that the appearance of the buildings correspond to their purpose and the place where they are located.

Wright's "prairie houses" - residential buildings that do not contrast with nature, but are in harmony with it - became the prototype of American residential architecture of the last century. The architect has more than four hundred completed projects, including the "House over the Falls", "Miniature" and the Guggenheim Museum.

Moldings and stucco

The history of stucco originates in ancient Egypt: around the 5th millennium BC. Relief elements decorated the capitals of columns, entrance portals, door frames, cornices and walls. The technology arose thanks to the builders of Ancient Egypt: they mined gypsum minerals, crushed them to a powder state, mixed them with water and filled molds with this mixture.

Soft forms

Soft forms in the interior came into fashion at the end of the 19th century - with the beginning of the Art Nouveau era. Smooth curved lines and floral motifs in the design of the living space have become the hallmark of the style.

Noble metals

Noble metals - copper, brass, bronze, silver and gold - have been known to mankind for several millennia and have been considered a luxury item since ancient times. Mirrors, decor, furniture and lighting fixtures were made from them, which, in turn, were widely used in baroque, rococo, and classicism styles.

Most often, metals are used for plumbing fixtures, decorative partitions, furniture elements, lamps and decorations. The trend is multifunctional and manifests itself differently in different styles: it dilutes a minimalist interior with texture and material, and endows a more classic one with luxury and elegance.

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