1. Calculate lighting standards
First of all, you need to calculate the lighting standards based on the footage of the room, as this determines the comfort of being in it. At the same time, customers may have individual preferences: some like brighter lighting, while others prefer more subdued lighting. Lamps with the ability to replace lamps are more versatile in this regard, as they allow you to adjust the illumination after installing the lamps themselves by replacing the lamps.
2. Distribute light into groups
After determining the overall illumination of the room, it is necessary to divide it into different groups of lamps. Thus, it is necessary to determine the functionality of each group of light: will it illuminate all rooms or certain areas: the workplace, if it is in the living room, the TV area, etc.. Or the lamps will have a decorative function and highlight certain areas without illuminating the entire room.
LED backlights, sconces, and floor lamps most often have a low-power glow to create evening lighting options. Ceiling lamps and chandeliers are usually functional and illuminate either the entire room or certain areas.
3. Select the warmth of lighting
The next point I would mention is the selection of lighting warmth. LED lamps (and they are now used quite often, for example, in track or built-in LED lamps) often have two options for lighting warmth: 3000K or 4000K. Therefore, before ordering lamps you need:
- first, decide which lighting warmth is more comfortable for customers (I prefer to use the warmer 3000K option, but sometimes customers like the cooler 4000K option).
- secondly, make sure that other lighting options have the same warmth. Otherwise, when several groups of lighting are turned on at the same time, different warmth will be evident, creating spotting.
An exception may be light groups that are planned to be turned on separately from other groups, for example, a floor lamp next to a sofa in the evening. However since this introduces certain restrictions on the variability of lighting, it is better to select the same glow warmth.
4. Select appearance
After all technical standards have been met, you can proceed to the decorative side of the issue. Lamps can be either accents or, conversely, as hidden as possible (built-in ceiling light). An important point is the selection of light for a metalic surface: for example, if there are pieces of furniture and decor made of brass in the room and a decision is made to use some lighting options from the same metal, then you need to select their tonality.
5. Decide on dimensions
When finalizing the selection of lamps, you need to decide on their dimensions: in a spacious living room, a chandelier with a small diameter will look disproportionately small, and a floor lamp or sconce with a large spread of the shade relative to the base will seem bulky in a small living room.
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